What Personality Traits Are Characteristic of INFJs (2022)

INFJ is one of the 16 personality types identified by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Scoring as an INFJ means that your personality type is best described as Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, and Judging. Sometimes referred to as the "Advocate" or the "Idealist," people with this personality type often feel misunderstood.

Perhaps it's because INFJ is the rarest MBTI personality type, making up only 1% to 3% of the U.S. population. Or maybe it's because they're walking, talking contradictions. INFJs are easy-going perfectionists. They're both logical and emotional, creative and analytical.

Learn more about what it means to be an INFJ personality type below.


An INFJ-A is referred to as an "Assertive Advocate" and often displays confidence with a relaxed demeanor. An INFJ-T is known as a "Turbulent Advocate" and tends to be less confident and more easily stressed.

Key Characteristics of INFJ

What Personality Traits Are Characteristic of INFJs (1)

If you are an INFJ, it means that you are likely to have certain characteristics. These characteristics include:

  • Compassionate: With their strong sense of intuition and emotional understanding, INFJs can be soft-spoken and empathetic. This does not mean that they are pushovers, however. INFJs have deeply held beliefs and the ability to act decisively to get what they want.
  • Helper: While they are introverted by nature, people with an INFJ personality type can form strong, meaningful connections with other people. They enjoy helping others, but they also need time and space to recharge.
  • Idealist: What sets the INFJ apart is their ability to translate their idealism into action. They don't just dream about changing the world—they make it happen.
  • Organized: People with an INFJ personality type like to exert control by planning, organizing, and making decisions as early as possible.
  • Both emotional and logical: When making decisions, INFJs place a greater emphasis on their emotions than objective facts. But this doesn't mean they see the world through rose-colored glasses. INFJs understand the world, both the good and the bad, and hope to be able to make it better.


  • Can be overly sensitive

  • Sometimes difficult to get to know

  • Can have overly high expectations

  • Stubborn

    (Video) 25 Genuine Signs Of An INFJ Personality Type

  • Dislikes confrontation


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Are You More of an Extrovert or an Introvert?

Cognitive Functions of an INFJ

The MBTI was created in the 1940s by Isabel Myers and her mother Katherine Briggs. It is based on the theories of Swiss psychoanalyst Carl Jung. Jung identified four key psychological functions: thinking, feeling, sensation, and intuition. Each of these functions tends to be either outwardly focused (extraverted) or inwardly focused (introverted).

Think of the different cognitive functions as ingredients that go into making up a personality type. The specific recipe for each type is controlled by how these ingredients combine and interact. The MBTI relies on two key factors that combine in different ways, giving us 16 different types. First is the functions themselves, and second is the hierarchical order of those functions.

(Video) INFJ Explained: What It Means to be the INFJ Personality Type

Each type possesses a dominant function that is the core characteristic of that type. This is then supported by an auxiliary function which is another well-developed aspect of personality. The tertiary and inferior functions are less conscious and not as well-formed. The dominant, auxiliary, tertiary, and inferior functions for INFJs are as follows.

While the MBTI is extremely popular, it has also been the source of considerable criticism due in part to its poor validity and reliability. If you do take the MBTI, use caution when considering the meaning of your results.

Dominant: Introverted Intuition

People with an INFJ personality type are dominant in introverted intuition. This means:

  • INFJs tend to be highly focused on their internal insights.
  • Once they have formed an intuition about something, INFJs tend to stick to it very tightly, often to the point of being single-minded in their focus.
  • INFJs are sometimes viewed as stubborn and unyielding.

Auxiliary: Extraverted Feeling

The auxiliary function for an INFJ is extraverted feeling. This means:

  • INFJs are highly aware of what other people are feeling but are sometimes less aware of their own emotions.
  • INFJs sometimes struggle to say no to other people's requests. They are so attuned to what other people are feeling that they fear causing disappointment or hurt feelings.

Tertiary: Introverted Thinking

The tertiary function for INFJs is introverted thinking. This means:

  • INFJs make decisions based on ideas and theories that they form based on their own insights.
  • INFJs rely primarily on their introverted intuition and extroverted feeling when making decisions, particularly when they are around other people. When they are alone, however, people with this personality type may rely more on their introverted thinking.
  • In stressful situations, an INFJ might try to rely on emotions when making decisions, especially if it means pleasing other people. Under less stressful conditions, an INFJ is more likely to rely more on their intuition.

Inferior: Extraverted Sensing

The inferior function for an INFJ is extraverted sensing. This means:

  • While this is a less developed and largely unconscious aspect of the INFJ, it does have an impact on personality.
  • This aspect of personality helps INFJs pay attention to the world around them and stay aware of their surroundings.
  • Extroverted sensing also helps INFJs live in the present moment rather than simply worrying about the future.
  • This aspect of personality also helps INFJs appreciate physical activities such as hiking and dancing.

INFJs You Might Know

Some famous people who are INFJs include:

  • Oprah Winfrey, television personality
  • Martin Luther King, Jr., civil rights leader
  • Atticus Finch, character in Harper Lee's "To Kill a Mockingbird"
  • Carl Jung, psychoanalyst
  • Taylor Swift, musician

Personal Relationships With INFJs

INFJs also have atalent for languageand are usually quite good at expressing themselves. They have a vivid inner life but are often hesitant to share this with others, except for those closest to them. While they are quiet and sensitive, INFJs can also begood leaders. Even when they don't take on overt leadership roles, they often act as quiet influencers behind the scenes.

INFJs aredriven by their strong valuesand seek out meaning in all areas of their lives including relationships and work. People with this type of personality are often described as deep and complex. INFJs may not have a huge circle of acquaintances, but their close friendships tend to be remarkably close and long-lasting.

(Video) 8 Traits Of A Highly Sensitive INFJ Personality Type

INFJs are interested in helping others and making the world a better place. They tend to beexcellent listenersand are good at interacting with people which whom they are emotionally close and connected. While they care deeply about others, INFJs tend to be introverted and only willing to share their "true selves" with a select few. After being in social situations, INFJs need time to themselves to "recharge."

INFJ Compatibility

MTBI personality types most compatible with INFJ are ENTP and ENFP. Personality types least compatible with an INFJ are ISTP and ESTP.

Career Paths for INFJs

INFJs do well in careers where they can express their creativity. Because people with INFJ personalities have such deeply held convictions and values, they do particularly well in jobs that support these principles. INFJs often do best in careers that mix their need for creativity with their desire to make meaningful changes in the world.

INFJs are usuallyhigh achieversand excel in academics and the workplace. They can be perfectionists at times and put a great deal of effort into their work. Co-workers tend to feel that INFJs are hardworking, positive, and easy to get along with. Because they are introverted, however, they may find that they need to retreat at times to recharge.

In managerial roles, INFJs can sometimes struggle to exert authority. They tend to lead with sensitivity and are good at helping subordinates feel appreciated in the workplace. Jobs that require a great deal of routine or adherence to strict rules can be difficult for INFJs.

Popular INFJ Careers

  • Artist
  • Actor
  • Entrepreneur
  • Religious worker
  • Musician
  • Librarian
  • Counselor
  • Psychologist
  • Writer
  • Teacher
  • Photographer

Tips for Interacting With INFJs

If someone in your life is an INFJ, here are some tips for interacting with them based on the relationship you have.


Because they arereserved and private, INFJs can be difficult to get to know. They place a high value on close, deep relationships and can be hurt easily—although they often hide these feelings from others. Interacting with an INFJ friend involves understanding and supporting their need to retreat and recharge.

People with this personality type sometimes feel misunderstood. You can be a good friend to an INFJ by taking the time to understand their perspective and appreciating their strengths.


Because INFJs are so skilled at understanding feelings, they tend to be very close and connected to their children. They have high standards and can have very high behavioral expectations.

(Video) 10 Extraordinary Qualities of The INFJ Personality Type

INFJs are concerned with raising children that are kind, caring, and compassionate. They encourage their children to pursue their interests and talents so they can fully realize their individual potential.


INFJs have an innate ability to understand other people's feelings and enjoy being in close, intimate relationships. They tend to flourish best in romantic relationships with people who share their core values.

As a partner, it is important to provide the support and emotional intimacy that an INFJ craves. Sincerity, honesty, and authenticity are all traits that the INFJ appreciates in their partner.


What personality traits do INFJs have? ›

INFJ (introversion, intuitive, feeling, judging) is a four-letter acronym used to represent one of the 16 Myers-Briggs personality types. People with this personality type are serious, logical and hardworking. They are also compassionate, conscientious and reserved.

What are INFJs best known for? ›

INFJs are known for their deep relationships with a few close friends. They are also known for their strong intuition and for being able to see the potential in people. INFJs often have a strong sense of justice and are determined to make the world a better place.

What makes INFJs different? ›

The INFJ definition is someone with introverted, intuitive, feeling, and judging personality traits. The personality type is rare and categorized with a great deal of empathy, compassion, and a purpose-driven lifestyle. INFJ people care about the world around them and strive to make it a better place.

Are INFJs the rarest personality type? ›

The rarest personality type is the INFJ personality type, known as 'The Counselor'. INFJ is the rarest personality type across the population, occurring in just 2% of the population. It is also the rarest personality type among men. INFJ stands for Introversion, Intuition, Feeling, and Judging.

What are INFJs mistaken for? ›

INFP is the type most commonly mistaken for INFJ, and they use Ne as their co-pilot process. If Signs 1 and 5 are both sound true for you there's a very good chance you're an INFP. ENFPs lead with Ne and have Fi as their co-pilot.

Who should a INFJ marry? ›

The best matches for an INFJ are the ENFP and the ENTP personality types. Both the ENFP and the ENTP types openly give support to those around them and to those who need affirmation. The extraverted features of the ENFP and the ENTP balance the introverted nature of the INFJ and bring out the best in INFJs.

What annoys INFJs the most? ›

Things the INFJ Hates
  • Manipulation and deceit. No one likes to be manipulated or misled, but INFJs especially loathe it. ...
  • People who take and rarely give. ...
  • Arguing just to argue. ...
  • Constant chaos. ...
  • Not getting enough alone time. ...
  • Having to compromise their values. ...
  • Having to do lots of “sensing” work. ...
  • Criticism.
16 May 2018

What do INFJs do for fun? ›

INFJs often enjoy spending time out in nature and many choose some kind of outdoor sport as a hobby. Hiking, backpacking, kayaking, and running are all popular hobbies with INFJs.

What are the 3 most rare personality types? ›

The most rare Personality Types are INFJ, followed by ENTJ and INTJ.

How quiet are INFJs? ›

The bottom line. As sensitive Introverts, INFJs are quiet, reflective individuals who are focused on their internal world of thoughts and ideas. They are constantly absorbing and processing information, so they need to spend a lot of time thinking deeply about patterns, meanings and how things fit together.

What hobbies are INFJs good at? ›

Popular hobbies for the INFJ include writing, art appreciation, cultural events, reading, socializing in small, intimate settings, and playing or listening to music.

What is an INFJs favorite color? ›

INFJ: Yellow, Pink, Sky Blue, Nature Green.

Why is INFJ so rare? ›

Overall, “sensing” individuals are more common than us “feely” types. Some possible explanations for the relative rarity of INFJs may be due to the fact that we're just not in situations where the test is offered, or maybe we don't want to take the test, says Dr.

What is INFJs biggest fear? ›

Many INFJs, when speaking of their fears, cited fear of abandonment alongside a fear of opening up to others and allowing themselves to be loved unreservedly.

What is an INFJ female like? ›

INFJ women are principled, caring, and passionate. These characteristics lead to strengths as well as weaknesses; they can be creative and sincere as well as stubborn and over-sensitive.

Can INFJ be talkative? ›

Because both INFJs and INTJs employ intuition, or more specifically, Introverted Intuition (Ni), as their dominant function, they can be quite loquacious, especially when discussing topics that interest them.

Who is INFJ soulmate? ›

Although two well-developed individuals of any type can enjoy a healthy relationship, INFJ's natural partner is the ENTP, or the ENFP. INFJ's dominant function of Introverted Intuition is best matched with a personality type that is dominated by Extraverted Intuition.

Who does INFJ fall in love with? ›

Some sources say that two of the best matches for the INFJ could be ENFPs and ENTPs. Technically, an INFJ could fall in love with any personality type, whether that means that they find a romantic partner in other INFJs, ENFJs, or another MBTI type.

Why are relationships so hard for INFJs? ›

INFJs are so concerned about the feelings of others that we often hold ourselves back. We can be reluctant to open up or make the first move in a relationship because we're not sure if the other person really wants to listen to us or really cares about the issues and ideas that are so precious to us.

What annoys people about INFJs? ›

INFJs detest attention-seeking behaviors and melodrama. Their strong intuition combined with their awareness of emotions makes it easy for them to spot when someone is being fake or is always seeking the spotlight. Emotionally manipulative movies and TV shows also get on their nerves.

Do INFJ get offended easily? ›

INFJ. INFJs try not to be sensitive souls, but unfortunately they can be hurt rather easily. They definitely try to keep an open mind though, and don't want to be the type of person who is constantly offended. INFJs will not become offended by silly things, but rather will read the intentions of the other person.

Are INFJ manipulative? ›

INFJs don't always use their qualities for good, they can also be master manipulators — our intuition makes it easy for the INFJ to pick up on cues and find “weak spots” in people — prey on those — and then get what is needed.

What music does INFJ like? ›

We love and have an affinity for depressing music.

Of course I always pay attention to the lyrics and sometimes it happens to be actually sad…but most of the time INFJs appreciate the calming and understanding sound that comes out of acoustic ballads.

What hurts INFJ the most? ›

The INFJ can find themselves getting hurt feelings over small actions taken, or even ones which haven't been taken. They don't do this on purpose, they just care so deeply about these people and value their opinions and their words.

How do you tell if an INFJ is mad at you? ›

Usually, they will get more withdrawn and stuck in their head when they're angry. They might try to shut off noise, lights, or find a room they can hide away in to deal with their thoughts and charged emotions. Some INFJs shut down and stop talking and reacting, trying to sort out their thoughts inside.

What is the love language of INFJ? ›

According to Priebe's survey, 35.67% of INFJs list “Quality Time” as their preferred love language. This is followed by Words of Affirmation (25.54%), Physical Touch (21.83%), Acts of Service (14.04%), and Gifts (2.92%).

Do INFJs like food? ›

INFJs tend to have a love/hate relationship with food, and this is largely due to their highly unconscious sensing functions.

What makes INFJ happy? ›

Learning to be happy within their own personal space and understand themselves better, is definitely going to help the INFJ feel stronger and happier with who they are. They need to learn to trust in their own knowledge and understanding, rather than allowing others to make them feel guilty because of this.

What personality type is most like INFJ? ›

On the surface, the INFJ and INFP personalities appear very similar. These two introverted Myers-Briggs personality types are both creative, idealistic, and focused on helping others.

Why is INFJ so rare? ›

Overall, “sensing” individuals are more common than us “feely” types. Some possible explanations for the relative rarity of INFJs may be due to the fact that we're just not in situations where the test is offered, or maybe we don't want to take the test, says Dr.

What is an INFJs weakness? ›

Advocate (INFJ) Weaknesses

Reluctant to Open Up – Advocates value honesty and authenticity, but they're also private. They may find it difficult to open up and be vulnerable about their struggles, not wanting to burden someone else with their issues.

What are INFJs strengths? ›

INFJs are able to connect deeply with those around them. They are good listeners, who are able to serve as a helpful friend or confidante to those who need it. They seek close relationships with others, often using their skills to build strong, reliable friendships. They are driven by their convictions and values.

Who is INFJ soulmate? ›

Although two well-developed individuals of any type can enjoy a healthy relationship, INFJ's natural partner is the ENTP, or the ENFP. INFJ's dominant function of Introverted Intuition is best matched with a personality type that is dominated by Extraverted Intuition.

What INFJ is attractive? ›

1. Kindness. As sensitive personalities, INFJs feel attracted to people who show kindness towards others. Extraverted Feeling is their auxiliary function, which means INFJs try to connect in a gentle way, and appreciate those who can do the same.

What is the opposite of INFJ? ›

In America, the preferred personality type is the ESTJ – the polar opposite of the INFJ. With the INFJ personality type being so rare and the culture at large favoring your opposite, it can be easy to feel left out, broken, misunderstood, and unappreciated.

Are INFJs gifted? ›

INFJ individuals are often emotionally gifted.

Are INFJ shy? ›

INFJs often appear as quiet, shy and withdrawn individuals, but underneath that reserved exterior is a cauldron of ideas and passions, quietly bubbling away. INFJs are always thinking about their next project, and feel a fiery enthusiasm about the causes that are so important to them.

What scares INFJ the most? ›

Insanity came up as a fear far more frequently among IN personality types (INFJs, INTJs, INFPs, INTPs). IN types have such strong imaginations and look so deeply into hidden meanings and connections that, for some, they feel that their faith in “reality”, may be a little more skeptical than what most people believe.

What annoys people about INFJs? ›

INFJs detest attention-seeking behaviors and melodrama. Their strong intuition combined with their awareness of emotions makes it easy for them to spot when someone is being fake or is always seeking the spotlight. Emotionally manipulative movies and TV shows also get on their nerves.

Can INFJs be toxic? ›

Toxic INFJs tend to be overly sensitive and self-absorbed.

A common trait with INFJs is their sensitive natures. They are naturally passionate individuals who are purpose-oriented and work towards the good of people in general. However, this temperament can develop into high sensitivity, if caution isn't taken.

What do INFJs do for fun? ›

INFJs often enjoy spending time out in nature and many choose some kind of outdoor sport as a hobby. Hiking, backpacking, kayaking, and running are all popular hobbies with INFJs.

What are INFJs insecure about? ›

INFJs feel insecure when they receive criticism or are faced with conflict or confrontation. They want to live in a harmonious atmosphere as much as possible, and they tend to take criticism very personally as children.

What stresses out an INFJ? ›

Too many details or other sensory stimuli can provoke a stress reaction in INFJs, especially when you feel uncertain about a situation. Unexpected environments, events or interruptions unsettle you greatly since you are forced to focus on immediate, sensory details rather than relying on your intuition.


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