r/MilitaryHistory - 15 Nov 1922 was born the legendary Russian designer of small arms Igor Yakovlevich Stechkin (1922-2001) (2022)

He was born November 15, 1922 in the town of Aleksin of the Tula region in a noble family. His father, Yakov Sergeyevich Stechkin, was awarded the title of honored doctor of the RSFSR, and his name is called Kosogorskogo Spa clinic.

In 1935 together with his family moved to the village (now a district) of Kosaya Gora near Tula.

After high school, in 1941, Stechkin became a student of the Tula mechanical Institute on the arms and machine gun Department. In October 1941 he was evacuated with his family in Chelyabinsk oblast, the city of Buzuluk, where, in December of the same year, he moved to work at the Izhevsk and went to study in MSTU named after Bauman. During study continued to work as a grinder motor.

In 1942 he returned to Tula and continued her studies at the Institute. In 1948 he defended a thesis "semi-Automatic pistol 7.65 mm", his Advisor was N. F. Makarov. Upon graduation Stechkin was assigned to CKB-14, where he studied the development of small arms, and in may 1948, enrolled as an engineer.

A wonderful designer Igor Stechkin (1922-2001) came to Tula CKB-14 in 1948. By the time he had some experience in the development of a short manual of small arms – 7.65 mm self-loading pistol was the subject of his graduation project (by the way, the consultant was the "father" of the PM N. F. Makarov). And together with him Stechkin showed self-made production instance.

Igor Yakovlevich – author of more than 60 projects and 50 inventions, as implemented in serial samples, and the remaining experienced. To his credit – unique samples of weapons and ammunition for special purposes. Stechkin participated in the creation of anti-tank systems "Fagot" and "Competition", designed a series of models of automatic military firearms. But the greatest popularity was gained by the pistol.

Automation "Stechkin" operates at the expense of free slide recoil. The slide wraps around the barrel. Firing mechanism with open hammer and screw mainspring provides single and automatic fire. The hammer has a cocked position and. Descent with a warning. Placed on the stopper lever manual safety is also a translator kinds of fire.

The output of the shutter for a short length of travel (short pistol cartridge big move and does not require) could generate a very high rate of fire bursts. With a relatively small mass of weapons it would lead only to the rapid expenditure of ammunition with very poor accuracy. This prevents wittily made the moderator of the rate of fire. When firing bursts retarder inertial action slightly reduces the shutter speed, and most importantly – plays the role of the self-timer. While the moderator, receiving the impetus of movement from the shutter rolled back, not pass way up and down and not hit the trigger bar, not going to happen until it whispered with a combat platoon trigger. This increases the cycle time of automation, rate of fire is reduced, increasing the stability and handling of the weapon during automatic firing – at the time, bad handling at high rate of fire became a major "flaw" mentioned "Mauser"-712.

It remains to add that the mechanism of slowing the rate of fire, compactly mounted in the handle, playing the role of the automatic fuse of the shot when not fully latched the barrel, as it does not allow the firing mechanism to fire the shot while the shutter doesn't come in an extreme forward position.

Box magazine is detachable, with a staggered arrangement 20 rounds – does not protrude beyond the arm. After consuming tooth of ammunition feeder store raises the stop valve, which delays the shutter in the rear position. After the replacement store is to click on the head of the stop valve, he'll go ahead and doshlyut cartridge in the chamber, the hammer will remain cocked.

To arm the fuse you need to pull the box of the fuse-translator's forward to "PR". He draws back and blocks the firing pin and blocks the hammer, and the stopper (the stopper is engaged with the frame).

The gate mounted front sight and sector sight. The installation of the pillar is determined by rotating the adjusting drum with four faces. Accordingly, the sight is installed on the distance 25, 50, 100 and 200 meters. Shooting bursts and at long range is only possible using the butt.

In APS implemented an old, known since the late XIX century technique – a rigid holster-butt. Original holster-butt "Stechkin" was made of wood, later of plastic. It is worn on a strap over the shoulder, four stores – in a special pouch.

The APS overall is a very good sample of personal weapons. The similarity of structural features and Assembly procedure-disassembly of PM simplified the development of pistols. Lengthening of the barrel to 140 mm (PM – mm 93,5) partly compensated for the weakness of the 9x18 cartridge and with more than the "Makarov" weight and smoother operation of automation has allowed to achieve a good accuracy of shooting. The radius of the dispersion in the conduct of fire "Stechkin" single shots is that at ranges of 50 meters – 5 inches, 200 meters – 22 centimeters (the PM, the deflection of the top half of the bullets at 25 meters – already 6.5 cm). Were the most effective fire at ranges up to 50 meters.

The production of APS was conducted in Vyatsko-Polyansky machine-building plant "Molot" from 1952 to 1959. The number of issued "Stacking" is estimated at about 30 thousand is not enough compared to the same PM, which made several million. But remember that automatic pistols in General occupy a weapon system is much more narrow niche than self-loading.

Tactical and technical characteristics of APS

Cartridge 9x18 PM Weight with unloaded magazine 1.02 kg Weight with loaded magazine without holster-butt of 1.22 kg Weight with holster-butt 1,78 kg Length without holster-butt 225 mm Length with a holster-butt 540 mm Barrel length 140 mm Muzzle velocity 340 m/s Muzzle energy of the bullet 353 j Kinds agnai single/automatic Rate of fire 700-750 rounds/min Combat rate of fire 40/90 rounds/min The effective range of fire up to 200 m Magazine capacity 20 rounds

The performance characteristics of the PP-2000

Cartridge 9x19 (7Н21, 7N31, 9x19 "Parabellum") The weight of the weapon without magazine and butt 1.34 kg Length without the stock 350 mm Length with unfolded stock 582 mm Barrel length 139 mm Height with magazine of 20 rounds of 185 mm Muzzle velocity 450 m/s (when the cartridge 7Н21) Rate of fire 600-750 rounds/min The effective range of fire up to 200 m Magazine capacity 20 or 44 of the cartridge

APS armed pilots, the crews of combat vehicles, sailors, calculations grenade and artillery. However, the attitude to "Stechkin" how to "clean" the gun (for which he's too heavy) and the discomfort associated with a rigid holster hanging at waist level (clinging to the edge of the hatch when leaving combat vehicle), led at the time to the removal of APS from production and from service. As belt pistol holster is really too big, as the butt – short.

However "Stechkin" was the basis for a very good sample of the special purpose weapon – based APS designer A. S. Negodov developed a "silent" automatic pistol with an integrated silencer and a wire butt, put into service in 1972 under the designation APB.

About the APS in our country and abroad can meet mixed reviews. And yet his long and successfully used in different parts of the world, in particular he was the weapon of the legendary Che Guevara. Under the obvious influence of "Stechkin" in the GDR created a automatic pistol, produced a pilot batch in 1976 and is known as Mr.11 and under the motto "IX Congress of the party". Rigid holster-butt is also not always considered anachronistic, example of the West German automatic pistol VP-70А1 or Austrian gun "Steyr" M9. Note this fact: after the German reunification party MTA converted by "Transarms" to conduct only a single lamp, was admitted to the County police worms.

"Stechkin" was literally resurrected during the Afghan war. In the course of her APS and APB was widely used by special forces. A pistol with a magazine of 20 rounds, weighing less than 1.2 kilograms and a good accuracy of fire attracted the attention of other users. He later gained popularity in the interior Ministry. OMON police, SWAT and other units used to carry APS soft canvas holster.

A new wave of popularity of APS brought local conflicts on the territory of the former USSR. In particular, the Russian military pilots in Chechnya preferred to "Stechkin" shortened AKS-74U, snipers took APS for self-defense. Along with the APB, he still enjoys the respect of special forces.

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